Irrigated/Rainfall timely:  PRE applications are the most effective option; however, crop injury could be reduced with a shallow incorporation that only reduced control 9%. <BR> Moist soil/no activating rainfall:  PPI shallow incorporation more effective than PRE application. <BR>Bone dry soil:  Control was similar with PRE or PPI applciation because Palmer did not emerge until it rained. <BR>Rototiller > Field Cultivator > Strip till > Disk <BR> <BR>Conclusions<BR>