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Culpepper and Sumner
University of Georgia

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
  1. 2011 GFVGA: MB Alternatives - Will it Ever End??
  2. Potential MB Alternatives
  3. Potential MB Alternatives
  4. Pic Chlor 60
  5. Nutsedge Response to Pic Chlor 60 plus herbicides in PEPPER. Ponder, 2010.
  6. Nutsedge Response to Pic Chlor 60 plus herbicides in PEPPER. Ponder, 2010.
  7. Pic Chlor 60
  8. PIC CHLOR 60: 21 G, Blockade Mulch
  9. Pic Chlor 60 + Herbicides
  10. Pic Chlor 60 + Herbicides
  11. Fall Comparison of MB Alternatives TyTy, 2010.
  12. Nutsedge Response to the 3-WAY, Paladin Pic, and WSP plus herbicides in PEPPER. TyTy, 2010.
  13. Telone/Pic/Vapam
  14. Photo
  15. Photo
  16. Paladin Pic (DMDS + Pic)
  17. Percent Purple Nutsedge Control by Paladin at Pepper Harvest. Ponder, Spring 2008.
  18. Percent large crabgrass control at harvest in bell pepper. TyTy, GA 2010.
  19. Percent pigweed control at harvest in bell pepper. TyTy, GA 2010.
  20. Photo
  21. Paladin Pic (DMDS + Pic)
  22. Paladin Pic Labeled Tarps
  23. Paladin Pic 50 G, Blockade vs Paladin Pic 70 G, LDPE
  24. Paladin Pic
  25. Mitigating Smell Issues
  26. Photo
  27. Mitigating Smell Issues
  28. Paladin Pic Plant Back Interval
  29. Paladin Pic Buffer Zone
  30. Paladin Pic Community Outreach
  31. WSP?
  32. Percent weed control by the WSP + Herbicide Program. 2010
  33. Response of Root Knot nematode to the WSP. Langston, 2010.
  34. Jumbo pepper yield with a fall fumigation. Four harvests. TyTy, 2010.
  35. WSP?
  36. Herbicide Program for Tomato and Pepper
  37. Herbicide Preplant Application Method
  38. Comparing MB Alternatives
  39. Fumigant + Mulch + Herbicides Expense
  40. Questions?



SLIDE CONTENTS
  1. 2011 GFVGA: MB Alternatives Will it Ever End?? Culpepper and Sumner University of Georgia Tifton Campus
  2. Potential MB Alternatives Pic Chlor 60 + herbicides UGA 3-WAY Paladin Pic + herbicides WSP + herbicides
  3. Potential MB Alternatives Pic Chlor 60 + herbicides UGA 3-WAY Paladin Pic + herbicides WSP + herbicides
  4. Pic Chlor 60 Rate Mulch Soil temp (spring vs fall) Crop Number crops per fumigation Herbicide system required
  5. Nutsedge Response to Pic Chlor 60 plus herbicides in PEPPER. Ponder, 2010. Plots were 1 bed by 50 feet. Spring soil temp 55 F. 67 d 21 G LDPE 35 G LDPE 21 G Blockade 35 G Blockade 78 c 85 b 98 a
  6. Nutsedge Response to Pic Chlor 60 plus herbicides in PEPPER. Ponder, 2010. LSD for spring = 6; LSD for fall = 7. Plots were 1 bed by 50 feet. Spring soil temp 55 F; Fall soil temp 89. 67 21 G LDPE 35 G LDPE 21 G Blockade 35 G Blockade 78 73 85 68 85 98 16
  7. Pic Chlor 60 Rate Mulch Soil temp (spring vs fall) Crop Number crops per fumigation Herbicide system required
  8. PIC CHLOR 60: 21 G, Blockade Mulch Add Sandea POST if no carryover problems
  9. 21 G; Blockade Mulch 35 G; Blockade Mulch 35 G; LDPE Mulch 21 G; LDPE Mulch Pic Chlor 60 + Herbicides
  10. 21 G; Blockade Mulch 35 G; Blockade Mulch 35 G; LDPE Mulch 21 G; LDPE Mulch Pic Chlor 60 + Herbicides
  11. Paladin Pic + Herbicides Blockade Mulch WSP + Herbicides Blockade Mulch 3-WAY LDPE Mulch Fall Comparison of MB Alternatives TyTy, 2010.
  12. Nutsedge Response to the 3-WAY, Paladin Pic, and WSP plus herbicides in PEPPER. TyTy, 2010. LSD for spring = 6; LSD for fall = 7. Plots were 1 bed by 50 feet. Spring soil temp 55 F; Fall soil temp 89. 97 3-WAY Paladin Pic WSP 96 95 94 97 90
  13. Telone/Pic/Vapam Spring applications = 17 of 18 experiments over 5 years with greater than 93% nutsedge control (less effective in the fall) Vapam = 4 inches Chloropicrin = 8 inches Telone = 12 inches Ideal Placement Vapam = 4 inches Pic Chlor 60 = 8 inch More Common
  14. Note moisture and compaction
  15. Paladin Labeled for Georgia in Nov/Dec Recommend 79:21 mixture with chloropicrin Same application procedures as MB Culpepper rate = 50 GPA (if economical) Excellent nutsedge control; needs help on annual grasses, pigweed, and likely other small seeded annual broadleaf weeds. Paladin Pic (DMDS + Pic)
  16. Percent Purple Nutsedge Control by Paladin at Pepper Harvest. Ponder, Spring 2008. 99 Plots were 1 bed by 50 feet. Spring soil temp 60 F; Fall soil temp 93. Blockade mulch. 85 99 93 98 99 DMDS 40 G DMDS 50 G DMDS 60 G
  17. Percent large crabgrass control at harvest in bell pepper. TyTy, GA 2010. 50 G 40 G Paladin Pic Rate 6 c 26 b 92 a 60 G 26 b 96 a 97 a + herbicide + herbicide + herbicide Herbicide = Devrinol preplant and Dual Magnum POST
  18. Percent pigweed control at harvest in bell pepper. TyTy, GA 2010. 50 G 40 G Paladin Pic Rate 50 c 70 b 99 a 60 G 89 b 99 a 99 a + herbicide + herbicide + herbicide Herbicide = Devrinol preplant and Dual Magnum POST
  19. Labeled ???? 79:21 mixture with chloropicrin Same application procedures as MB Excellent nutsedge control; needs help on annual grasses, pigweed, and likely other small seeded annual broadleaf weeds. Must use high barrier mulch as listed on the label Paladin Pic (DMDS + Pic)
  20. Paladin Pic Labeled Tarps Olefinas Embossed VIF, Klerks VIF, Pliant Blockade (1.25 mil) black or white, XL Blockade (0.00125), Pliant Metalized black VIF. Canslit Metalized (1.25 mil) high barrier black or white, FilmTec VIF (1.25 mil), Ginegar VIF Embossed, Cadillac VIF, Guardian VIF (1.2 mil), Mid-South Extrusion VIF, Bromostop (1.38 mil)
  21. Paladin Pic 50 G, Blockade Paladin Pic 70 G, LDPE
  22. Paladin Pic Labeled ???? 79:21 mixture with chloropicrin. Same application procedures as MB. Excellent nutsedge control; needs help on annual grasses, pigweed, and likely other small seeded annual broadleaf weeds. Must use high barrier mulch. Smell is a serious concern; must be addressed.
  23. 1. Moisture must be ideal Compaction Mitigating Smell Issues
  24. 1. Moisture must be ideal Compaction No previous crop residue Purge injection lines before lifting shank from soil. Mitigating Smell Issues
  25. Based on mean daily low soil temp at 8 50-54 F: 42 day plant back 55-60 F: 35 day plant back 61-70 F: 28 day plant back >70 F: 21 day plant back Paladin Pic Plant Back Interval
  26. Paladin Pic Buffer Zone
  27. Paladin Community Outreach Brochures Paladin 1st Responder Bulletins Steward this product or it will be gone quickly! Paladin Pic Community Outreach
  28. Potentially new fumigant system being studied. WSP is just a code not a trade name. Data in 2010 looks very good. WSP?
  29. Percent weed control by the WSP + Herbicide Program. 2010 97 Spring pepper Fall pepper Fall Tomato 93 99 99 99 99
  30. Response of Root Knot nematode to the WSP. Langston, 2010. 0 b Incidence 97 a 8 b Severity 3.6 a 0.008 b 0.05 b
  31. Jumbo pepper yield with a fall fumigation. Four harvests (box/A). TyTy, 2010. 174 c Pic Chlor 60 Pal Pic WSP 648 b 974 a 1048 a 588 b 1080 a 1042 a 21 G, LDPE 35 G, VIF 21 G, VIF 35 G, LDPE 3-WAY
  32. 4. High barrier (VIF) mulch will be needed. Same application procedures as MB. Minimal buffers in 2012? 7. Three large on farm studies lined up. 8. May be gone in a month or we may be recommending within a year. WSP?
  33. Several of these labels may be GA ONLY Herbicide Program for Pepper: 1. Devrinol applied preplant under mulch. (Command?) 2. Dual Magnum applied topically 7 to 10 d after transplant 3. Select Max without adjuvant as needed (grass <3 inch) Herbicide Program for Tomato and Pepper Herbicide Program for Tomato: 1. Devrinol + Dual Magnum preplant under mulch. (Metribuzin?) 2. Sandea POST 3. Select Max without adjuvant as needed (grass <3 inch) Reflex could be added preplant to both crops once labeled.
  34. Several of these labels may be GA ONLY Herbicide Preplant Application Method
  35. Comparing MB Alternatives Drop In replacement + - + Acres w/o refill - - + Smell - - +/- ? Nutsedge + +/- + Annual grasses - + - Broadleaf weeds - + - Mulch type - + - Need Herbicides yes fall yes PalPic 3-WAY WSP
  36. Fumigant + Mulch + Herbicides Expense MB = $1276 3-WAY = $900 Paladin Pic = $1080 WSP = $921 Pic Chlor 60 (35 G)= $1133 Pic Chlor 60 (21 G)= $877 Cost per acre land assuming treating 53% of the land area.
  37. Questions?